Exploring Maryland’s Most Popular Fish to Catch: Unveiling the Common Species for Anglers

What is the most common fish to catch in Maryland

Fishing is a popular recreational activity in Maryland, with its diverse waterways offering abundant opportunities for anglers. Whether you are an experienced angler or just starting out, it’s always helpful to know which fish species are commonly found in your area. In this blog post, we will explore the most common fish species to catch in Maryland.

1. Striped Bass

One of the most sought-after fish species in Maryland is the striped bass, also known as rockfish. These powerful and feisty creatures can be found year-round but are especially prevalent during their migratory runs from April to December. Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries serve as prime fishing grounds for striped bass enthusiasts.

a) Best Time and Techniques

The best time to target striped bass depends on various factors such as weather conditions and tidal patterns. Early morning or late evening hours tend to be productive when targeting these elusive predators.

Popular techniques include trolling with lures, live lining baitfish like menhaden or spot, jigging near underwater structures such as bridges or piers, and fly-fishing along shorelines.

2. Blue Crab

In addition to fishing for finned species, crabbing is a beloved pastime in Maryland due to its picturesque coastal areas and plentiful blue crab population. Catching blue crabs not only provides a fun experience but also rewards you with delicious seafood that makes for unforgettable meals with family and friends!

a) Best Time and Techniques

The peak season for catching blue crabs typically spans from May through October when they molt their shells (known as soft-shell crabs) making them particularly delectable. Crab pots, trotlines, and handlines baited with chicken necks or fish heads are commonly used techniques for capturing these tasty crustaceans.

3. White Perch

If you enjoy freshwater fishing in Maryland’s rivers, lakes, or ponds, the white perch is a common catch. These small but scrappy fish provide excitement for anglers of all ages and skill levels.

a) Best Time and Techniques

The best time to target white perch is during their spawning season from late winter through early spring when they gather near shorelines in large numbers. Anglers often employ bottom fishing rigs baited with bloodworms or small minnows to entice bites.

4. Red Drum (Redfish)

In recent years, red drum (also known as redfish) has gained popularity among Maryland anglers due to its thrilling fights and delicious meat. While primarily found along the Atlantic coast of Southern Maryland, these hard-fighting fish can occasionally venture into Chesapeake Bay waters as well.

a) Best Time and Techniques

The best time to target red drum in Maryland is typically during the warmer months from May through September when water temperatures rise. Popular techniques include using live or cut bait like peeler crabs or menhaden on bottom rigs near submerged structures such as oyster bars or jetties.


Maryland offers an abundance of diverse fishing opportunities for both seasoned anglers and beginners alike. Whether you prefer casting lines for striped bass in the Chesapeake Bay, crabbing along picturesque coastlines, targeting white perch in freshwater bodies, or pursuing hard-fighting red drum on the Atlantic coast – there’s something exciting waiting for you out on the waters of Maryland. So grab your fishing gear, familiarize yourself with local regulations, and get ready for unforgettable angling adventures!