Expert Tips and Techniques: How to Successfully Fish Walleye in Winter

How to Fish Walleye in Winter: A Comprehensive Guide


Fishing for walleye can be an exciting and rewarding experience, especially during the winter months. While many anglers may prefer warmer seasons for casting their lines, winter offers unique opportunities to catch this elusive species. In this blog post, we will provide you with valuable tips and techniques to enhance your chances of catching walleye during the colder months.

Selecting the Right Equipment

When it comes to winter walleye fishing, choosing appropriate gear is crucial. Here are a few essential items:

Rods and Reels

Invest in a medium-heavy or heavy-action rod that can handle larger fish and withstand harsh conditions. Pair it with a quality spinning reel known for its durability and smooth drag system.

Fishing Line

Opt for low-visibility monofilament or fluorocarbon line with a pound test ranging from 6 to 10 pounds. Thinner lines allow better sensitivity while having enough strength to handle trophy-sized catches.

Baits and Lures

Jigging spoons, blade baits, live bait rigs (with minnows), and soft plastic swimbaits are popular choices when targeting walleyes in icy waters.

Understanding Walleye Behavior in Winter

To increase your odds of success, it’s essential to understand how walleyes behave during the winter season:

Movement Patterns

Walleyes tend to move slower due to lower water temperatures but remain active even under ice cover. They often seek shelter near structures such as drop-offs, submerged rocks, or deep holes where they find food sources like schools of baitfish.

Feeding Habits

While they may not be as aggressive in winter, walleyes still need to feed. They are known for their excellent low-light vision and prey primarily on small fish like perch or shiners. Therefore, imitating these food sources will attract their attention.

Choosing the Right Location

Finding the right location is vital when targeting walleye during winter:

Lakes and Reservoirs

Look for areas with structure variations such as deep basins, points, or submerged vegetation where walleyes tend to concentrate. Utilize a fish finder to identify potential hotspots before drilling holes.


In rivers, focus on slow-moving sections near deeper channels or eddies. These areas provide refuge from stronger currents while offering an ample supply of prey.

Fishing Techniques

Now that you have the right equipment and understand walleye behavior let’s explore some effective fishing techniques for catching them in winter:


Jigging is one of the most successful methods for targeting winter walleye. Find a comfortable spot near structures or drop-offs and jig your bait vertically using short upward motions followed by controlled drops. Experiment with different jig sizes and colors until you find what works best on any given day.

Dead Sticking

This technique involves setting up multiple rods equipped with live bait rigs around your fishing area. Keep your baits close to the bottom without too much movement since sluggish walleyes prefer easy meals during cold weather conditions.

Paying Attention to Safety Precautions

To ensure a safe ice fishing experience while pursuing walleye in winter:

Check Ice Conditions Regularly

Ice thickness can vary significantly across bodies of water due to changing temperatures and local factors. Test ice thickness using a spud bar or an auger at regular intervals to ensure it is safe for fishing.

Wear Proper Clothing

Dressing in layers and using specialized cold-weather gear will protect you from the elements and prevent hypothermia. Don’t forget a warm hat, gloves, and thermal boots to keep extremities cozy.

Bring Essential Safety Gear

Always carry ice picks, a throwable flotation device, a first-aid kit, and a fully charged cell phone for emergencies. It’s also wise to fish with a buddy or inform someone about your planned fishing location and return time.


Winter walleye fishing can be both challenging and rewarding for passionate anglers willing to brave the cold. By selecting suitable equipment, understanding walleye behavior in winter, choosing the right locations, utilizing effective techniques, and adhering to safety precautions—we hope this guide has equipped you with valuable knowledge that enhances your success on the ice. Stay safe while enjoying this thrilling outdoor pursuit!